Back
To Top

George T. Ruby: Champion of Equal Rights in Reconstruction Texas

Item #: 211183 In Stock
$29.95
Add To Wishlist

Description

By Carl H. Moneyhon

George T. Ruby was the most widely known of the first generation of black politicians in Texas, establishing during the Reconstruction both a local and national reputation as a strident advocate of equal rights. Born in New York City and reared in Maine, Ruby demonstrated his desire to secure a better place for African Americans at an early age. He migrated to Haiti shortly after graduating from high school as part of an effort to colonize American blacks in a world where their futures were not limited by their race. During the Civil War he moved to Louisiana, where he worked as a teacher among the freedmen. In 1867 he moved to Texas, where he again taught school as an employee of the Freedmen's Bureau.

Ruby became involved in politics in Texas with the beginning of Congressional Reconstruction in 1867. As an agent of the Loyal League, he became a major force in organizing blacks to vote, and his connections allowed him to run successfully for the 1868 Constitutional Convention. Elected president of the Loyal League in 1868, Ruby used his position to help elect Edmund J. Davis governor in 1869 and also to go to the state senate from Galveston. In the senate he supported the broader agenda of the Republican governor and in return secured support for his own efforts to ensure the protection of basic civil rights for African Americans. At the same time, he established connections with black politicians nationally.

Ruby headed the Texas Republican Party in its unsuccessful efforts at retaining power in 1873. Seeing no future for himself when the Democrats returned to power, Ruby returned to Louisiana, where he spent his later years as a newspaper editor and an advocate of the Exodus, a movement that advocated the removal of blacks from the South and their resettlement in the Midwest. From youth to his death in 1882, Ruby showed himself to be a principled politician committed to bettering the place of African Americans in white America.

Details

Hardcover: 256 pages
Publisher: Texas Christian University Press
Dimensions: 6" x 9" x 1 1/2"

Shipping & Returns

Shipping

The Texas Capitol Gift Shop provides three shipping options for orders within the contiguous 48 States via UPS. The standard ground shipping is based off the subtotal of the order and includes insurance from UPS if you package is lost or damaged in transit.

Click here to see the shipping rates.

Alaska, Hawaii and APO orders are shipped via USPS and are handled on a case by case basis due to various factors such as: weight, size and total cost of the items being shipped. Please call 1-(512)-678-5556 between the ours of 8:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. CST or send us an email at By email at [email protected] for more information.

Returns Policy

Returns are accepted within 30 days of purchase with an original packing slip. Refunds are issued in the form of original payment for the amount of the returned merchandise (not including shipping or service fees).

Purchased items that are later offered at a discount may not be returned and re-purchased at the lower price.

For health and safety reasons, pierced earrings are not returnable or exchangeable.

Damaged or defective CDs, DVDs, and other multimedia products can be exchanged for the identical item but cannot be returned for a refund. New unopened multimedia products in their original plastic wrap may be returned within 30 days of purchase for a refund with an original packing slip.

All Art of Texas custom print sales are final and are not eligible for return or exchange.

If your order arrives damaged, missing items, or we shipped the incorrect item; please contact us immediately at 888-678-5556. In the case of damage, it is important that all packaging be saved so UPS can determine how the damage occurred.

You May Also Like

2021 Texas Capitol Ornament Quick View
Davy Crockett Quote Koozie Quick View
Gonzales Flag lapel Pin Quick View
Bestseller
Gonzales Flag lapel Pin
$6.00
Mi9 Retail